When we were issued our brief, there was a link to Dweck's 'Growth Mindset' and how could we develop this with our learners. The link was there because we want them to learn from this feedback and actively want to improve. We also had to be conscious that across the whole school there were a number of action groups in place and strategies for oral and written feedback was one of their aims.
So with this in mind, we decided to let the focus group find strategies, whilst we looked at:
- Ways to involve every student in an effective system of oral and written feedback
- Ways to actually provide feedback for the learning that takes place, as well as the content that is learnt
- Ways to create an ethos or culture of learning in the classroom
- Ways that promote the giving and receiving of feedback as an essential part of the learning process (and develop a growth mindset)
Finally, we created the following resource that we shared with middle leaders at our 'Learning & Teaching Marketplace'. After reading the comments forms after the event, it seems that the marketplace was a huge success. A number of particular mentions of our presentation was commented on with leaders indicating that they would be embedding our ideas from next September.
A summary of the ideas we developed:
Stuck Walls: Talked about in an earlier post (click here), this is a resource in the form of a poster or criteria that is displayed in classrooms. Normally, if a student is stuck, they have to find the answer from three other sources (can be a book, peer, resource, notes). Isn't this resilience or independent learning? Yes, but we did it for feedback. I personally have students who say "Sir, can you check this is right?" at which I then pointed at the display and said "Can your partner or your table team or someone from another table review it and give you feedback? Can you not get two separate people to evaluate it and both give you feedback?". Supports growth mindset and creates a culture of peer assessment.
3 Plus Me rule: The same as the stuck walls but without a display. Instead of a resource, it is a general rule that work needs to be evaluated by various people in the class before the teacher checks it. Hopefully, after peers have reviewed it, the final piece that reaches 'me' is an excellent piece of work and students have learnt how to produce it.
Effort and process reward cards: One of the favourites! Talked about before here. Does all feedback have to be about the work they produce? Surely if students are working in a particularly effective way, or have used a very good strategy or even put in a lot of effort, we can reward them? Highlight this way of working enough and they start to develop good learner habits. I know when I do something in a way that works and someone gives me positive feedback on it, I'll do it again. Simply, have a number of small cards with with key learner qualities, attributes or 'good habits' on. Hand them out to students when you spot these. Instant feedback on the way they worked. We (probably against some research somewhere!) gave them merits at the end when they traded the card in. What this also did is allowed us to have a learning conversation. Invaluable!
Peer and self assessment: Again, nothing revolutionary. By marking the work of others you increase your own understanding of the topic. You have to or you can't assess it effectively. You also learn other individuals ways of working and good learner habits. I used this with a Year 10 PSE class when looking at writing personal statements and the improvements from first draft to second draft was immense. Same system works for self assessment using mark schemes, rubrics or success criteria's. Allows you to see what has been done or what needs to be done to improve: Feedback & Feedforward.
Critique: Another one of our favourites but very much in the infancy here at Brookfield. A culture or ethos of gathering feedback to achieve excellence rather than an activity to put in the middle of your lesson. Requires specific, helpful and kind analysis of work. Comments given are hard on content and soft on people. Can use an 'example of excellence' to help strive for perfection. Involves a cycle of draft, get work critiqued, act upon suggestions, redraft, get work critiqued, act upon....... One we will definitely be developing more before sharing out further. See Ron Berger's 'Ethic of Excellence' book.
SOLO Taxonomy: But this isn't feedback, it's a taxonomy? Correct but its very nature strives on feedback and feedforward. Either by self, peer or teacher analysis, you can easily gain an understanding in either oral or written form that helps students develop and make progress. If you hadn't guessed, its also one of our favourites. More posts on this and in more detail are here.
So, we found that these helped create an environment where feedback, either in oral and written form, worked for us. I am sure, like always, that there is research that contradicts these methods, or even methods that have more of an impact. But, in our manageable in house trials, we found these to work with the learners we have. As usual, we will continue to reflect and review these process, whilst looking for additional methods to promote the culture of feedback in lessons.